Six law enforcement officers were killed while attempting to arrest two suspects wanted in the murder of Greene County Field Marshal Mark Noe: Greene County Sheriff Marcell Hendrix, Deputy Ollie Crosswhite, Deputy Wiley Mashburn, Springfield Police Chief Detective Tony Oliver, Detective Sidney Meadows and Officer Charley Houser. This incident became known as the Young Brothers massacre. The Berkeley Police Department (CA) is the first agency in the country where all patrol officers use cars. Fingerprints are first used by law enforcement agencies in the United States. Graham, North Carolina, Officer Wyatt Outlaw becomes the first African-American police officer to be killed on duty when he is evicted from his residence by members of the KKK and lynched in district court. The week before, Agent Outlaw had shot a group of men who were said to be Klan. The origins of the United States Postal Inspection Service (USPIS) date back to the creation of the position of surveyor in 1772. Under the colonial postal system, the Postmaster General at the time, Benjamin Franklin, created the new position of surveyor to take over the regulation of the post office and the auditing of postal accounts. Land surveyors became the first postal inspectors and also had to investigate thefts of mail or postal funds, often committed by a horseman, innkeeper or other person in charge of the U.S. Postal Service.

On August 7, 1775, Benjamin Franklin approved a total of $170.00 to serve as the first “surveyors,” and August 7 is recognized as the “anniversary” of the United States Postal Inspection Service. In 1801, the title “Land Surveyor” was changed to Special Agent and later renamed “U.S. Postal Inspectors”. Federal law enforcement in the United States is more than two hundred years old. For example, the Postal Inspection Service can trace its origins back to 1772,[5] while the U.S. Marshals Service dates back to 1789. [6] Authorities in bold are law enforcement agencies (LEAs). As Congress raised no objection to this new anonymous force upon his return from his summer vacation, Bonaparte suspended his work for the next seven months before resigning with his resigning president in early March 1909.

A few days later, on March 16, Bonaparte`s successor, Attorney General George W. Wickersham, gave this group of agents their first name – the Bureau of Investigation. It stuck. The United States Congress creates the first federal law enforcement officer, the United States Marshal. Thirteen U.S. marshals were appointed by President George Washington. The notorious outlaw Billy the Kid kills six law enforcement officers in New Mexico: Congressman James W. Bell, Sheriff William Brady, Congressman James Carlysle, Congressman George Hindman, Deputy Field Marshal Robert Olinger and Congressman Robert Beckwith. John Dillinger and his gang murdered ten law enforcement officers – more than any other outlaw.

They were responsible for the deaths of Officer Howard Wagner, Trooper Eugene Teague, Sheriff Jesse Sarber, Sergeant William Shanley, Patrolman William O`Malley, Patrolman Martin O`Brien, Officer Francis Mulvihill, Chief Franklin Culp, Detective Henry Perrow, and Sheriff Charles Cavanagh. Section 28 of the Judicial Service Act authorizes the Field Marshal or Deputy Marshal of the United States to carry out court orders and proceedings at the federal level. There was also a need for sworn personnel and continuity in their duties. Such language was developed to give U.S. marshals ample leeway of discretion and authority to represent. The direct link to the federal judicial system demonstrated the early need to enforce legal regulations throughout the new nation. *2 The cities of the country had grown considerably in 1908 – there were more than 100 with more than 50,000 inhabitants – and crime had naturally increased with them. In these big cities, with their many overcrowded homes filled with the poor and disillusioned, and with all the ethnic tensions of an increasingly immigrant nation, tempers have often flared up.

Clashes between strikers and their factory bosses became increasingly violent. The IO evolved to a standard size of 8×8, and the office quickly added fingerprints (thanks to its growing national repository), criminal records, and other basic information. In the 1930s, IOs were sent to police stations across the country to draw public attention to the search for refugees. Based on the concept of “wanted posters,” the FBI compiled its list of “ten most wanted fugitives” in 1950. While the majority of federal law enforcement agencies work for the departments of Justice and Homeland Security, there are dozens of other federal law enforcement agencies among the other executive divisions, as well as among the legislative and judicial branches of the federal government. Four California highway patrolmen, James Pence, Roger Gore, Walt Frago and George Alleyn died in a 4-minute shootout with two heavily armed suspects. The Newhall incident, as it is known, rippled through the entire law enforcement community, leading to major reforms in training procedures, the use of firearms and arrest techniques. Since I am informed that the Justice Act is being prepared and that there will probably be a Federal Court Marshal for Pennsylvania County, I ask you to inform you that when I left the Army, I was appointed Field Marshal of the Admiralty Court for that state. 6 Just around the corner was also the world`s first great world war, forcing America to protect its homeland from both domestic subversion and international espionage and sabotage. America`s approach to national security, once the province of guns and warships, would never be the same again.

Federal Agent Eliot Ness begins his legendary law enforcement career and is selected to lead a group of agents nicknamed “The Untouchables” – Marty Lahart, Sam Seager, Barney Cloonan, Lyle Chapman, Tom Friel, Joe Leeson, Paul Robsky, Mike King, Bill Gardner, Al “Wallpaper” Wolff and two other employees, Frank Basile and Jim Seeley. The last year in U.S. history in which fewer than 100 police officers were killed on duty. Ninety-six officers made the ultimate sacrifice in 1909. Shortly after becoming the country`s top law enforcement official, Bonaparte learned that his hands were tied in the fight against rising crime and corruption. He had no group of investigators of his own, except for one or two special agents and other investigators who carried out specific missions on his behalf. These included a group of auditors trained as accountants who reviewed the financial transactions of the Federal Court and some civil rights investigators.